Top 5 Mental Math Methods in the World

Today you can define mental math in various different ways. Some would say, memorizing times table and remembering the solutions can form the part of mental mathematics. Some would say ability to perform simple calculations in your head can be mental mathematics.

The web dictionary defines mental mathematics as “Computing an exact answer without using pencil and paper or other physical aids.”

Today there are five methods available to learn and practice mental mathematics.

Let’s begin with the first one called ‘Learning by Heart’ or better known as the rote memorizing method where your teachers ask you to mug up boring multiplication tables. It not only kills the interest of the child in mathematics but also makes sure that he develops hatred towards the subject for the rest of the years he studies it. This system gives its ardent devotee some degree of success initially as he is able to answer easy problems but then when the supposedly bigger application problems come the steam is almost over.

The second one gives you a good degree of success and I would highly recommend it to the younger lot out there. It hails from China and is popular by the name of The Abacus (also known as the Soroban in Japan). An abacus is a calculating tool, often constructed as a wooden frame with beads sliding on wires. With the use of this tool one can perform calculations relating to addition, subtraction, multiplication and division with ease. Gradually one practices with the tool in one’s hand and later on when experienced he learns to do it without the tool. This tool is then fitted into the mind mentally and he can then add, subtract multiply and divide in seconds. This tool also enhances a child’s concentration levels.

The main drawback of this system is that it focuses only on the 4 mathematical operations. Concepts beyond these operations such as Algebra, Square Roots, Cubes, Squares, Calculus, and Geometry etc cannot be solved using it at all. Also one needs a longer time to be able to fully get a grasp of the system hence you see courses in the abacus stretching to over 2 years which leads the child to boredom and then quitting from the course.

Another Chinese system mainly collected from the book The Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art lays out an approach to mathematics that centers on finding the most general methods of solving problems. Entries in the book usually take the form of a statement of a problem, followed by the statement of the solution, and an explanation of the procedure that led to the solution.

The methods explained in this system can hardly be termed mental and they lack speed to top it all. The Chinese were definitely the most advanced of the civilization thanks to the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers but if I were to choose out of the two methods given by this culture It would be the abacus.

If wars have a 99.99% downside, sometimes they can have an upside too for they give birth to stories of hope and creativity. The next mental math system was developed during the Second World War in the Nazi Concentration Camp by a Ukrainian Mathematician Jakow Trachtenberg to keep his mind occupied. What resulted is now known as the Trachtenberg Speed System of Mathematics and consists of Rapid Mental Methods of doing Mathematics.

The system consists of a number of readily memorized patterns that allow one to perform arithmetic computations very quickly. It has wider applications than the Abacus and apart from the four basic operation methods it covers Squares and Square Roots.

The method focuses mostly on Multiplication and it even gives patterns for multiplication by particular number say 5,6,7 and even 11 and 12. It then gives a general method for rapid multiplication and a special two finger method. After practicing the method myself I realized that the multiplication was a very applicable mental method but the other methods covered to solve division and square roots were not very friendly and were impossible to be done mentally. I was in search of a much better wholesome method where I could easily perform other operations also. Another drawback of this system was that it too like the abacus failed to have a wider scope i.e to encompass other fields like Algebra, Calculus, Trignometry, Cube Roots etc

A Recommendation by a friend of mine from America introduced me to what is known as the Kumon Math Method. It was founded by a Japanese educator Toru Kumon in 1950s and as of 2007 over 4 million children were studying under the Kumon Method in over 43 different countries.

Students do not work together as a class but progress through the curriculum at their own pace, moving on to the next level when they have achieved mastery of the previous level. This sometimes involves repeating the same set of worksheets until the student achieves a satisfactory score within a specified time limit. In North American Kumon Centers, the mathematics program starts with very basic skills, such as pattern recognition and counting, and progresses to increasingly challenging subjects, such as calculus, probability and statistics. The Kumon Method does not cover geometry as a separate topic but provides sufficient geometry practice to meet the prerequisites for trigonometry, which is covered within the Kumon math program.

I was much impressed with the glamour around Kumon but a glimpse of its curriculum deeply disappointed me. It is not mental at all. It does not offer any special methods to do mathematics and one does not improve one’s speed by doing Kumon Math. There is a set curriculum of worksheets which one does till one achieves mastery in the subject. So say for example a sheet on Divison- one would continue to do division by the conventional method till he gets a satisfactory score and then he moves on to a higher level. This certainly doesn’t make division any faster and the process is certainly not mental.

A deep thought on the reason of its tremendous popularity in America led me to conclude was the lack of a franchisee business model of the abacus and the Trachtenberg speed system in the 1950s. The franchisee model was essential in taking the course from country to country. This is where Toru Kumon thrived.

Dissapointed with other cultures in the world, my search made me look in my own Indian culture. What I found astonished and amazed me so much that I fell in love with the system and started coaching neighbourhood students in it.

This is easily the World’s Fastest Mental Mathematics System called High Speed Vedic Mathematics. It has its roots in Ancient Indian Scriptures called the Vedas meaning ‘the fountain head of knowledge’. With it not only you can add, subtract, multiply or divide which is the limiting factor of the abacus but you can also solve complex mathematics such as algebra, geometry, Calculus, and Trigonometry. Some of the most advanced, complex and arduous problems can be solved using the Vedic Maths method with extreme ease.

And all this with just 16 word formulas written in Sanskrit.

High Speed Vedic Mathematics was founded by Swami Sri Bharati Krishna Tirthaji Maharaja who was the Sankaracharya (Monk of the Highest Order) of Govardhan Matha in Puri between 1911 and 1918. They are called “Vedic” as because the sutras are contained in the Atharva Veda - a branch of mathematics and engineering in the Ancient Indian Scriptures.

High Speed Vedic Mathematics is far more systematic, simplified and unified than the conventional system. It is a mental tool for calculation that encourages the development and use of intuition and innovation, while giving the student a lot of flexibility, fun and satisfaction . For your child, it means giving them a competitive edge, a way to optimize their performance and gives them an edge in mathematics and logic that will help them to shine in the classroom and beyond.

Therefore it’s direct and easy to implement in schools – a reason behind its enormous popularity among academicians and students. It complements the Mathematics curriculum conventionally taught in schools by acting as a powerful checking tool and goes to save precious time in examinations.

The Trachtenberg Method is often compared to Vedic Mathematics. Infact even some of the multiplication methods are strikingly similar. The Trachtenberg system comes the closest to the Vedic System in comparison and ease of the methods. But the ease and mental solvability of the other method especially division, square roots, cube roots, Algebraic Equations, Trigonometry, Calculus etc clearly gives the Vedic System an edge. Even NASA is said to be using some of this methods applications in the field of artificial intelligence.

There are just 16 Vedic Math sutras or word formulas which one needs to practice in order to be efficient in Vedic Math system. Sutras or Word Math Formulas such as the Vertically and Crosswise, All from Nine and Last from ten helps to solve complex problems with ease and also a single formula can be applied in two or more fields at the same time. The Vertically and Crosswise formula is one such gem by which one can multiply, find squares, solve simultaneous equations and find the determinant of a matrix all at the same time.

If either of these methods is learned at an early age, a student aged 14 can perform lightening fast calculations easily during his examinations and ace through them.

Vedic Mathematics is fast gaining popularity in this millennium. It is being considered as the only mental math system suited for a child as it helps to develop his numerical as well as mental abilities. The methods are new and practical and teach only Mental Rapid Mathematics.

The system does not focus on learning by repetition as in the Kumon Method. The system focuses on improving intelligence by teaching fundamentals and alternate methods. The purpose is not limited to improving performance in the school or tests, but on providing a broader outlook resulting in improved mathematical intelligence and mental sharpness.

To know more about the Vedic Mathematics Sutras – The World’s Fastest Mental Math System you can visit http://www.vedicmathsindia.org

This Article is by Gaurav Tekriwal,, The President of the Vedic Maths Forum India who has been conducting High Speed Vedic Math Workshops for the last five years and has trained over seven thousand students across the world in the field. He is the author of the best selling DVD on the subject which contains over 10 hours on the subject. He is an expert in the field and revolutionizes the way children learn math.

iPhone Application Development For Yahoo Stores

Yahoo Store has emerged as one of the most popular ecommerce platforms on the internet today. Therefore, it should come as no surprise that this award winning ecommerce platform comes packed with simplicity and price affordability compared to other ecommerce platforms available on the Internet. Thus, many people have cashed in on this opportunity and are successful ecommerce store operators today.

Along with this development on the Internet, the world is witnessing another phenomenon. This trend relates to mobile phones. According to a recent MOCOM report, there are around 4.1 billion mobile subscribers worldwide. This translates to a penetration rate of around 60%. According to another report, nearly 91% of the United States population has mobile phones. This picture gives a bright scenario of the capability of conducting ecommerce using mobile phones around the world and in the United States.

It is estimated that a significant percentage of this population has access to internet capable mobile phones and wireless devices such as the iPhone. The iPhone is a revolutionary device from Apple that has took the world by storm when it was introduced. This device combines three products into one – an extraordinary phone, a wide screen iPod and an advanced Internet device that gives access to HTML email along with a desk-class web browser.

It is now possible to marry the iPhone to the Yahoo Store by creating unique and dynamic applications for it. With the help of versatile team of iPhone developers, many companies are now venturing into this field. Other than the routine retinue of making applications such as multimedia, games, travel, social networking, it is considered niche to develop applications for the iPhone specifically pertaining to Yahoo Store. Thus, users can access features like deal of the day, orders, statistics, inventory, and other specific Yahoo Store features on their iPhone.

iPhone applications developed specifically for the Yahoo Store help store owners keep a firm tab on their operations regardless of their location while also improving sales. Buyers get more opportunities while on the move to make their purchases while giving the opportunity to store owners to track their sales and other proceeds.

This feature can exclusively benefit Yahoo Store owners since they can access their store whenever they are on the move, or view specific details about the performance of their store. In the era of Web 2.0, these user-friendly features can go a long way in building a strong rapport between store owners and and their online community. Developing user specific applications on iPhone for Yahoo Stores can help store owners reap the benefits of the mobile internet revolution and utilize the iPhone as a brilliant platform for technology advancement pertaining to Yahoo Stores.

Quick Debt Relief – Debt Consolidation May Be Your Own Personal Financial “Bailout Package”

As the economic recession continues to worsen, the last thing you want to deal with is the burden of debt. If you are deeply in debt and looking for quick debt relief, then debt consolidation may the answer. It may very well be your own personal "financial bailout package".

As the name implies, a debt consolidation agency consolidates your debt . In other words, the agency rains all of the information about your income, who all of your creditors are, and how much you owe to all of your creditors. They then contact each of your creditors, acting in the capacity of an agent on your behalf. You no longer have to deal directly with your creditors. In fact, soon after you sign up for a debt consolidation plan, you can expect that the harassment phone calls will stop, and the collection notices will stop filling your mailbox. This is quick debt relief at its finest.

The agency will negotiate with your creditors for lower interest rates, lower monthly payments, and even a lower payoff balance. You will then send one monthly payment to the agency for the total amount due, rather than sending a payment to each one of your individual creditors. The agency will then be responsible for disbursing the funds to each creditor, after taking a small percentage of your payment as a fee for providing this service.

Within a few short years, your debt will be paid off in full. One point to be noted, however, is that for the duration of the time that you are on the debt consolidation plan, your credit score is likely to take a hit. However, the upside is that your debts will be paid off sooner, and will show up on your credit report as paid in full, so improving your credit score in the long term.

Top Fashion Tips For Size Sixteen Plus Women

Size 16 plus women – Black is not slimming

For those of you carrying a bit too much weight please don’t make the mistake of hiding yourself in black.

Black defines and outlines the shape of your body. So for example, great legs look fabulous in sheer black tights, however if the shape of your legs isn’t so great then a neutral natural color will be much more flattering. This rule works with the rest of your body too.

Dark colors draw attention to your curvy bits

Blocks of dark colors not only can look very drab but actually may be drawing attention to your, shall we say, your more “curvy bits”, instead of disguising them, if that’s what you are trying to do. Instead, find a print that’s not too small and twee. The print will break up the outline of your body. Look at colors that suit your face and help make you look and feel well. Be brave in beautiful color because you know if you are over weight you may as well look luscious and beautiful.

A black ensemble isn’t going to make a size 20 woman suddenly have Kate Moss proportions. A curvy, size 20, red haired woman could look stunning in a violet print dress.

Keep your fabrics mat particularly for the places on your body where you are full. Large bosoms in silk shirts – I would think not. Please stay away from shiny fabrics because the light bounces off it. Your worst bits will be hi-lighted. Imagine a shiny satin jacket and now think about the top of your arms. Unless your arms are your slim bit, the shine will magnify them and you will not look great. A chubby thigh, in shiny satin jeans isn’t a great look either.

The myth about stripes

Another myth is stripes. Evenly spaced horizontal stripes on say a top or sweater can actually be extremely flattering. The stripes literally stretch you out giving the optical illusion of making your torso look longer and therefore slimmer. Vertical stripes stretch you from side to side making you look wider. I know this is the opposite of what so many popular fashion magazines tell you. However, after dressing several thousand women, I know I am absolutely right on this point…so you will have to go our and try it.

A “no-no” for double breasted jackets

Large breasted women (and in fact really anyone carrying too much weight) should not wear double breasted jackets!